Air is first drawn into the low-pressure turbocharger and compressed to a higher pressure. The compressed air is then drawn into the high-pressure turbocharger, where the air is further compressed. The high-pressure air is then routed through a charge air cooler and into the engine's intake manifold. By splitting the work between two turbochargers, both can operate at peak efficiency and at slower rotating speeds — lowering stress on turbocharger components and improving reliability. Series turbocharging delivers more boost pressure than single turbocharger configurations, which results in higher power density, improved low-speed torque, and improved high altitude operation.
John Deere engines feature an SCR system that utilizes a urea-based additive, sometimes referred to as diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) to meet Stage IV emission standards. A chemical reaction in the SCR catalyst converts urea and NOx emissions into nitrogen and water vapor.
The HPCR fuel system provides variable common-rail pressure and high injection pressures. It also controls fuel injection timing and provides precise control for the start, duration, and end of injection.
This is the most efficient method of cooling intake air to help reduce engine emissions while maintaining low-speed torque, transient response time, and peak torque. It enables an engine to meet emissions regulations with better fuel economy and the lowest installed costs.